Volume 10, Issue 3 (Summer 2022)                   PCP 2022, 10(3): 193-202 | Back to browse issues page


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Nooripour R, Hosseinian S, Farmani F, Abtahi Foroshani N, Ghanbari N, Farkhojasteh V S, et al . Relationship Between Hardiness and Stress of COVID-19 Through the Mediating Role of Mindfulness in Iranian Students. PCP 2022; 10 (3) :193-202
URL: http://jpcp.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-808-en.html
1- Department of Counseling, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran. , nooripour.r@gmail.com
2- Department of Counseling, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran.
3- Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Khomeini Shahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran.
5- Department of General Psychology, Amin Police Academy, Tehran, Iran.
6- Department of Counseling, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (729 Views)
Objective: Some stressors, such as COVID-19, can cause anxiety and health concerns. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between hardiness and stress of COVID-19 by mediating the role of mindfulness in Iranian students.
Methods: We conducted cross-sectional research for this study. Data were gathered from the student populations of 2020-2021, which comprised the statistical population. A convenience sampling method was used to select the participants based on the information obtained from online self-report tools. Students from Iranian universities were asked to participate in an online survey using Internet advertisements, e-mails, forums, social networks, and short message services. Participants were 414 university students. All respondents completed the mindful attention awareness scale, the COVID-19 stress scale, and the personal views survey. We carried out an analysis of the data based on independent t-tests, Pearson correlations, as well as regression tests.
Results: It was found that there was a significant correlation between all variables and COVID-19 stress levels. It is worth noting that most of these correlations were in a moderate range. Structural equation modeling showed the overall effects of hardiness on the stress of COVID-19 (β=-0.536, P=0.001), the indirect effects (β=-0.177, P=0.002), and the direct effects of hardiness on the stress of COVID-19 (β=-0.365, P=0.009) were significant. 
Conclusion: Considering these findings, we have clarified the role of mindfulness in affecting the hardiness and stress of COVID-19 among Iranian students. This study recommends implementing virtual and electronic mindfulness training workshops to reduce the stress associated with COVID-19 and increase psychological hardiness using these tools.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Cognitive behavioral
Received: 2022/01/22 | Accepted: 2022/07/19 | Published: 2022/07/24

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