Volume 10, Issue 3 (Summer-In Press 2022)                   PCP 2022, 10(3): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Nooripour R, Hosseinian S, Farmani F, Abtahi Foroshani N, Ghanbari N, Farkhojasteh V S, et al . Relationship Between Hardiness and Stress of COVID-19 by Mediating Role of Mindfulness in Iranian Students. PCP. 2022; 10 (3)
URL: http://jpcp.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-808-en.html
1- Department of Counseling, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran. , nooripour.r@gmail.com
2- Department of Counseling, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran.
3- Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
4- Family Counseling, Islamic Azad University, Khomeini Shahr, Isfahan, Iran.
5- Faculty of Education and Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University (SBU), Tehran, Iran.
6- General Psychology, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
7- General Psychology, Faculty member of Amin Police Academy, Tehran, Iran.
8- Counseling, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran .
Abstract:   (340 Views)
Background: Some stressors, such as diseases like Covid-19, can cause anxiety and health concerns. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between hardiness and stress of COVID-19 by mediating the role of mindfulness in Iranian students.
Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study. The statistical population was university students in 2020-2021. The participants were selected through convenience sampling and based on online self-report tools. The Iranian university students were encouraged to participate in an online survey promoted by Internet ads, e-mails, forums, social networks, and short message service (SMS) programs. So participants consisted of 414 university students. All respondents completed the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS; 2003), the COVID-19 Stress Scale (CSS; 2021), and the Personal Views Survey (PVS; 2006). An independent t-test, Pearson correlation, and regression test were used to analyze the data.
Results: The results showed a significant relationship between all variables with the stress of COVID-19. Most of these correlations were in the moderate range. Structural equation modeling showed the overall effects of hardiness on the stress of COVID-19 (β = -0.536, P=.001), the indirect effects (β =-0.177, P=0.002), and the direct effects of hardiness on the stress of COVID-19 (β = -0.365, P=0.009) were significant.
Conclusion: These results have extended the existing literature by clarifying the role of mindfulness on the hardiness and stress of COVID-19 among Iranian students. According to the results of this study, it is recommended to implement programs to reduce the stress of COVID-19 and increase psychological hardiness through virtual and electronic mindfulness training workshops.
 
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Cognitive behavioral
Received: 2022/01/22 | Accepted: 2022/07/19 | Published: 2022/07/24

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