Volume 10, Issue 1 (Winter 2022)                   PCP 2022, 10(1): 1-10 | Back to browse issues page


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Nooripour R, Hosseinian S, Sobhaninia M, Ghanbari N, Hassanvandi S, Ilanloo H et al . Predicting Fear of COVID-19 Based on Spiritual Well-being and Self-efficacy in Iranian University Students by Emphasizing the Mediating Role of Mindfulness. PCP. 2022; 10 (1) :1-10
URL: http://jpcp.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-787-en.html
1- Department of Counseling, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran. , r.noori@alzahra.ac.ir
2- Department of Counseling, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran.
3- Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanistic Sciences, Khorramabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khorramabad, Iran.
5- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
6- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanistic Sciences, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran.
Abstract:   (825 Views)
Objective: Given the importance of COVID-19 consequences and students’ health, this study aimed to predict the fear of COVID-19 based on spiritual well-being and self-efficacy among Iranian university students by focusing on the mediating role of mindfulness.
Methods: This study was a descriptive correlational study. An online sampling method was used, and the sample included 396 university students in Tehran City, Iran. Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), general self-efficacy scale, fear of COVID-19 scale, and Paloutzian and Ellison’s spiritual well-being scale were used for data collection. An independent t test, the Pearson correlation, and the regression test were used to analyze the obtained data.
Results: The results show that the overall effects of religious well-being (β=-0.192, P=0.001), existential well-being (β=-0.227, P=0.001), and self-efficacy (β=-0.093, P=0.013) were significant. The indirect effects of religious well-being (β=-0.026, P=0.001), existential well-being (β=-0.013, P=0.016), and self-efficacy (β=-0.04, P=0.001) were significant, too. The direct effects of religious well-being (β=-0.253,P=0.001), existential well-being (β=-0.205, P=0.016), and self-efficacy (β=-0.133, P=0.013) were significant, as well.
Conclusion: Spiritual well-being, self-efficacy, and mindfulness are associated with a reduction in perceived fear of COVID 19 in Iranian students, and mindfulness has a role in these relationships. 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Cognitive behavioral
Received: 2021/10/15 | Accepted: 2021/12/9 | Published: 2022/01/1

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