Volume 7, Issue 1 (Winter 2019)                   PCP 2019, 7(1): 33-42 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Heidarzadeh A, Shahmohammadipour P, Azzizadeh Forouzi M, Dehghan M, Khorasani Z. Body Image, Self-Esteem, and Psychological Problems Among Applicants and Non-applicants of Cosmetic Surgery. PCP. 2019; 7 (1) :33-42
URL: http://jpcp.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-490-en.html
1- Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Geriatric Care Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
2- Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, R. Nursing Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
3- School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
Abstract:   (526 Views)

Objective: The human beings’ interest in beauty and improvement of their appearance might compel them to seek for cosmetic surgery. This study aimed to compare body image, self-esteem, and psychological problems between the applicants and non-applicants of cosmetic surgery in Iran.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. A total of 200 participants were selected for this study (including 100 applicants and 100 non-applicants of cosmetic surgery) via purposive sampling method. The questionnaires of body image, self-esteem, and psychological problems were used for data collection. 
Results: The mean score of body image among non-applicants was higher than applicants of cosmetic surgery, but this difference was not statistically significant. In addition, there were no significant differences between the two groups regarding their self-esteem and psychological problems. 
Conclusion: Cosmetic surgery is not necessarily associated with body image, self-esteem and psychological problems.

Full-Text [PDF 617 kb]   (204 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (144 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Cognitive behavioral
Received: 2018/06/25 | Accepted: 2018/10/14 | Published: 2019/01/1

References
1. Ahmadi, H., & Poorsharifi, H. (2013). [The role of news source on individuals persuasion with moderation of attitude to news source, gender and self-esteem (Persian)]. Social Cognition, 2(3), 7-18.
2. Aliehyaii, F., Latifi, A., & Bakhtiary, M. (2013). An epidemiological study of the reasons for tendency to undergo rhinoplasty in Tehran. Teb va Tazkieh, 22, 9-16.
3. Babuccu, O., Latifoglu, O., Atabay, K., Oral, N., & Cosan, B. (2003). Sociological aspects of rhinoplasty. Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, 27(1), 44-9. [DOI:10.1007/s00266-002-1517-9] [PMID] [DOI:10.1007/s00266-002-1517-9]
4. Baniasadi, H. (2012). Effects of rhinoplasty on women's body image. Journal of Dermatology and Cosmetic, 3(4), 194-201.
5. Ching, S., Thoma, A., McCabe, R. E., & Antony, M. M. (2003). Measuring outcomes in aesthetic surgery: A comprehensive review of the literature. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 111(1), 469-82. [DOI:10.1097/01.PRS.0000036041.67101.48] [PMID] [DOI:10.1097/01.PRS.0000036041.67101.48]
6. Dowling, N. A., Jackson, A. C., & Honigman, R. J. (2013). A comparison of the psychological outcomes of cosmetic surgical procedures. Plastic Surgery: An International Journal, 2013(2013), 979486.
7. Farshidfar, Z., Dastjerdi, R., & Shahabizadeh, F. (2013). Acceptance of cosmetic surgery: body image, self esteem and conformity. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 84, 238-42. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.06.542] [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.06.542]
8. Frederick, D. A., Lever, J., & Peplau, L. A. (2007). Interest in cosmetic surgery and body image: Views of men and women across the lifespan. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 120(5), 1407-15. [DOI:10.1097/01.prs.0000279375.26157.64] [PMID] [DOI:10.1097/01.prs.0000279375.26157.64]
9. Hosseini, S. E., Ghasemi, N., Molayi Gonbadi, G., & Rezayi, L. (2010). [Comparison of the level of stress and body image among individuals aged 20-30 seeking and not seeking cosmetic surgeries in Ahvaz province (Persian)]. Journal of Modern Industrial/Organization Psychology, 1(3), 75-84.
10. Jomeen, J., & Martin, C. R. (2005). Self-esteem and mental health during early pregnancy. Clinical Effectiveness in Nursing, 9(1), 92-95. [DOI:10.1016/j.cein.2004.09.001] [DOI:10.1016/j.cein.2004.09.001]
11. Khanjani, Z., Babapour, J., & Saba, G. (2012). Investigating mental status and body image in cosmetic surgery applicants in comparison with non-applicants. Journal of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, 20(2), 237-48.
12. Kkeli, N., & Argyrides, M. (2013). Appearance Schemas Inventory Revised: Psychometric Properties of the Greek Version in a Female Sample. North American Journal of Psychology, 15(3), 577-88.
13. Klassen, A., Jenkinson, C., Fitzpatrick, R., & Goodacre, T. (1996). Patients' health related quality of life before and after aesthetic surgery. British Journal of Plastic Surgery, 49(7), 433-8. [DOI:10.1016/S0007-1226(96)90025-9] [DOI:10.1016/S0007-1226(96)90025-9]
14. Kvalevaag, A. L., Ramchandani, P. G., Hove, O., Assmus, J., Eberhard-Gran, M., & Biringer, E. (2013). Paternal mental health and socioemotional and behavioral development in their children. Pediatrics, 131(2), e463-e9. [DOI:10.1542/peds.2012-0804] [DOI:10.1542/peds.2012-0804]
15. Mackie, D. M., Devos, T., & Smith, E. R. (2000). Intergroup emotions: Explaining offensive action tendencies in an intergroup context. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79(4), 602. [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.79.4.602] [PMID]
16. Mirsardoo, T., Kaldi, A., & Ataee, B. (2011). [Relationship between socio-cultural factors and women's tendency to beauty care among women in Karaj (Persian)]. Woman and Family Studie, 3(10), 145-64.
17. Mohammadpanah Ardakan, A., & Yousefi, R. (2011). [Assessment of beliefs about appearance and inferiority feeling in cosmetic surgery candidates (Persian)]. Journal of dermatology and cosmetic, 2(2), 85-97.
18. Mohammadpanah, A, Yaghoobi, H, & Yusefi, R. (2012). [Personality traits and defense mechanisms in patients seeking for cosmetic surgery (Persian)]. Dermatology and Cosmetic, 3(2), 72-82.
19. Moss, T. P., & Harris, D. L. (2009). Psychological change after aesthetic plastic surgery: A prospective controlled outcome study. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 14(5), 567-72. [DOI:10.1080/13548500903112374] [PMID] [DOI:10.1080/13548500903112374]
20. Mousavizadeh, S. M., Niazi Shahraki, F., Kalantar Hormozi, A., Fadaei Naeini, A. R., & Nasri Lari, M., (2010). [Assessing tendencies and motivations of female volunteers for cosmetic surgery (Persian)]. Pajoohandeh Journal, 14(6), 318-23.
21. Pasha, G. R., Naaderi, F., & Akbari, S. (2008). [Comparison of body image, body mass index, general health, and self concept between people experienced cosmetic surgery, applicants for cosmetic surgery and normal sample of Behbahan (Persian)]. New Findings in Psychology, 2(7), 61-80.
22. Piyavhatkul, N., Aroonpongpaisal, S., Patjanasoontorn, N., Rongbutsri, S., Maneeganondh, S., & Pimpanit, W. (2011). Validity and reliability of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale-Thai version as compared to the Self-Esteem Visual Analog Scale. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand=Chotmaihet thangphaet, 94(7), 857-862.
23. Riggs, L. E. (2012). The globalization of cosmetic surgery: Examining BRIC and beyond [MA. thesis]. San Francisco: University of San Francisco.
24. Saba, G. (2012). [Comparison of psychopathology in people seeking cosmetic surgery with controls (Persian)]. Pajoohandeh Journal, 17(1), 26-31.
25. Sadrosadatzadeh, M., Farahani, M., Kiamanesh, A., & Ramezani, V. (2013). [Qualification of self-esteem and body image before and after cosmetic surgery on girls (Persian)]. Journal of Research in Psychological Health, 7(1), 40-8.
26. Sarwer, D. B., Wadden, T. A., Moore, R. H., Eisenberg, M. H., Raper, S. E., & Williams, N. N. (2010). Changes in quality of life and body image after gastric bypass surgery. Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases, 6(6), 608-14. [DOI:10.1016/j.soard.2010.07.015] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.1016/j.soard.2010.07.015]
27. Tahmasbi, S., Tahmasbi, Z., & Yaghmaie, F. (2014). [Factors related to cosmetic surgery based on theory of reasoned action in shahrekord students (Persian)]. Journal of Holistic Nursing And Midwifery, 24(4), 53-61.
28. Tousi, P., Barikbin, B., Arbabi, M., & Saati, S. (2007). Evaluation of 116 patients treated with botulimum toxin referred to private dermatologic clinics in Tehran (Persian)]. Iranian Journal of Dermatology, 10(2), 125-9.
29. Von Soest, T., Kvalem, I., Roald, H., & Skolleborg, K. (2009). The effects of cosmetic surgery on body image, self-esteem, and psychological problems. Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery, 62(10), 1238-44. [DOI:10.1016/j.bjps.2007.12.093] [PMID] [DOI:10.1016/j.bjps.2007.12.093]
30. Zamani, S., & Fazilatpour, M. (2013). [The effects of cosmetic surgery on patients' self-esteem and negative image of themselves (Persian)]. Journal of Kerman University of Medical Sciences, 20(5), 492-504.
31. Zuckerman, D., & Abraham, A. (2008). Teenagers and cosmetic surgery: Focus on breast augmentation and liposuction. Journal of Adolescent Health, 43(4), 318-24. [DOI:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2008.04.018] [PMID] [DOI:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2008.04.018]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA code

Send email to the article author


Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb