Volume 5, Issue 4 (Autumn 2017-- 2017)                   PCP 2017, 5(4): 235-242 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Rahbarian M, Mohammadi A, Abasi I, Soleimani M. Emotion Regulation Problems and Addiction Potential in Iranian Students. PCP. 2017; 5 (4) :235-242
URL: http://jpcp.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-486-en.html
1- Department of Clinical Psychology, Roozbeh Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- PhD Department of Psychiatry, Roozbeh Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (758 Views)

Objective: Recent studies have shown that emotion dysregulation is one of the most significant factors in young people’s tendency towards risky behaviors. Therefore, it seems necessary to study the role of emotion regulation strategies in drug-related behaviors. The goal of the present study was to examine the relationship between emotion regulation strategies, and addiction potential in the Iranian student population.
Methods: In this cross sectional study, a convenient sampling method was used to select a total of 388 students from the universities in Tehran. The Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) and Addiction Potential Scale (IAPS) were used to collect data. The study data were analyzed using the Pearson’s correlation coefficient and hierarchical regression analysis.
Results: According to the study results, limited access to emotion regulation strategies was the sole predictor of active addiction potential (t=2.79, P<0.01). Passive addiction potential was predicted by emotional awareness (t=4.89, P<0.001) and also by limited access to emotion regulation strategies (t=5.01, P<0.01).
Conclusion: Emotion regulation strategies and emotional awareness in relation to other components of emotion regulation were found to have more association with addiction potential. It was also seen that emotion regulation strategies training was effective in the prevention of drug dependence.

Full-Text [PDF 495 kb]   (461 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (81 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Substance abuse and dependence
Received: 2017/02/28 | Accepted: 2017/07/19 | Published: 2017/10/1

References
1. Abolghasemi, A., Alah Gholilo, K., Narimani, M., & Zahed, A. (2011). [Emotion regulation strategies in stbstance abusers with high and low reactivity (Persian)]. Journal of Guilan University of Medical Sciences, 20(77), 15-22.
2. Ahmadi, J.(2000). Motivations for use of opiates among addicts seeking treatment in Shiraz. Psychological Reports, 87(7), 1158. doi: 10.2466/pr0.87.7.1158-1164 [DOI:10.2466/PR0.87.7.1158-1164]
3. Aldao, A., Nolen Hoeksema, S., & Schweizer, S. (2010). Emotion-regulation strategies across psychopathology: A meta analytic review. Clinical Psychology Review, 30(2), 217–37. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2009.11.004 [DOI:10.1016/j.cpr.2009.11.004]
4. Asgari, P., Pasha, G. R., & Aminiyan, M. (2009). [Relationship between emotion regulation, mental stresses and body image with eating disorders of women (Persian)]. Andisheh va Raftar (Applied Psychology), 4(13), 65-78.
5. Baker, T. B., Piper, M. E., McCarthy, D. E., Majeskie, M. R., & Fiore, M. C. (2004). Addiction motivation reformulated: An affective processing model of negative reinforcement. Psychological Review, 111(1), 33–51. doi: 10.1037/0033-295x.111.1.33 [DOI:10.1037/0033-295X.111.1.33]
6. Taremian, F., Bolhari, J., Peiravi, H., & Tabatabaii, M. (2008). The prevalence of substance use among students in Tehran. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology, 113(4), 335-42.
7. Brandon, T. H. (1994). Negative Affect as Motivation to smoke. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 3(2), 33–7. doi: 10.1111/1467-8721.ep10769919 [DOI:10.1111/1467-8721.ep10769919]
8. Brunelle, C., Assaad, J. M., Barrett, S. P., Avila, C., Conrod, P. J., Tremblay, R. E., et al. (2004). Heightened heart rate response to alcohol intoxication is associated with a reward seeking personality profile. Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, 28(3), 394–401. doi: 10.1097/01.alc.0000117859.23567.2e [DOI:10.1097/01.ALC.0000117859.23567.2E]
9. Dennhardt, A. A., & Murphy, J. G. (2013). Prevention and treatment of college student drug use: A review of the literature. Addictive Behaviors, 38(10), 2607–18. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.06.006 [DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.06.006]
10. Fox, H. C., Axelrod, S. R., Paliwal, P., Sleeper, J., & Sinha, R. (2007). Difficulties in emotion regulation and impulse control during cocaine abstinence. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 89(2-3), 298–301. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2006.12.026 [DOI:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2006.12.026]
11. Fox, H. C., Hong, K. A., & Sinha, R. (2008). Difficulties in emotion regulation and impulse control in recently abstinent alcoholics compared with social drinkers. Addictive Behaviors, 33(2), 388–94. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2007.10.002 [DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2007.10.002]
12. Gratz, K. L., & Roemer, L. (2004). Multidimensional assessment of emotion regulation and dysregulation: Development, factor structure, and initial validation of the difficulties in emotion regulation scale. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 26(1), 41–54. doi: 10.1023/b:joba.0000007455.08539.94 [DOI:10.1023/B:JOBA.0000007455.08539.94]
13. Gratz, K. L., & Tull, M. T. (2009). The relationship between emotion dysregulation and deliberate self harm among inpatients with substance use disorders. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 34(6), 544–53. doi: 10.1007/s10608-009-9268-4 [DOI:10.1007/s10608-009-9268-4]
14. Gross, J. J. (1998). The emerging field of emotion regulation: An integrative review. Review of General Psychology, 2(3), 271–99. doi: 10.1037/1089-2680.2.3.271 [DOI:10.1037/1089-2680.2.3.271]
15. Habibzadeh, A., Alizadeh, M., Malek, A., Maghbooli, L., Shoja, M. M., & Ghabili, K. (2011). Illicit methylphenidate use among Iranian medical students: Prevalence and knowledge. Drug design, Development and Therapy, 5, 71-6. doi: 10.2147/DDDT.S13818 [DOI:10.2147/DDDT.S13818]
16. Haji, A. K., Bahreynian, S., Naziri, G. H., & Modares, G. M. (2009). The role of cognitive variables, metacognitive dimensions and emotions in substance abuse behaviors. Advances in Cognitive Science, 11(3), 1-12.
17. Haj Seyyed Javadi, S. A. R., Mazinani, R., Fadaei, F., & Dolatshahi, B. (2007). The role of novelty and sensation seeking in opioid abuse and dependence. Archives of Rehabilitation, 8, 53-7.
18. Hassan Shahi, M. M., & Ahmadian, K. (2003). Mental health survey of psychoactive drugs-dependent patients. Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health, 6(24), 131-9.
19. Johnson, A. L., & McLeish, A. C. (2016). The indirect effect of emotion dysregulation in terms of negative affect and smoking related cognitive processes. Addictive Behaviors, 53, 187–92. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.10.023 [DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.10.023]
20. Kober, H., & Bolling, D. (2014). Emotion regulation in substance use disorders. In J. Gross (Ed), Handbook of Emotion Regulation (pp. 428-46). New York: Guilford Publications.
21. Koob, G. (2001). Drug addiction, dysregulation of reward, and allostasis. Neuropsychopharmacology, 24(2), 97–129. doi: 10.1016/s0893-133x(00)00195-0 [DOI:10.1016/S0893-133X(00)00195-0]
22. Krystal, H. (1978). Self representation and the capacity for self care. In D. L. Yalisove (Ed), Annual of Psychoanalysis (pp. 209-46). New York: NYU Press.
23. Merikangas, K. R., & McClair, V. L. (2012). Epidemiology of substance use disorders. Human Genetics, 131(6), 779–89. doi: 10.1007/s00439-012-1168-0 [DOI:10.1007/s00439-012-1168-0]
24. O'Donohue, W. T., Fisher, J. E., & Hayes, S. C. (2004). Cognitive behavior therapy: Applying empirically supported techniques in your practice. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.
25. Shams, J., Azizi, A., & Mirzaei, A. (2010). Correlation between distress tolerance and emotional regulation with students smoking dependence. Hakim Research Journal, 13(1), 11-18.
26. Suh, J. J., Ruffins, S., Robins, C. E., Albanese, M. J., & Khantzian, E. J. (2008). Self medication hypothesis: Connecting affective experience and drug choice. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 25(3), 518–32. doi: 10.1037/0736-9735.25.3.518 [DOI:10.1037/0736-9735.25.3.518]
27. Vazirian, M., & Mostashari, G. (2002). [Practical manual for treatment of substance abuse (Persian)]. Tehran: Porshokouh Pub.
28. Weed, N. C., Butcher, J. N., McKenna, T., & Ben Porath, Y. S. (1992). New measures for assessing alcohol and drug abuse with the MMPI-2: The APS and AAS. Journal of Personality Assessment, 58(2), 389–404. doi: 10.1207/s15327752jpa5802_15 [DOI:10.1207/s15327752jpa5802_15]
29. Wilson Van Voorhis, C. R., & Morgan, B. L. (2007). Understanding power and rules of thumb for determining sample sizes. Tutorials in Quantitative Methods for Psychology, 3(2), 43–50. doi: 10.20982/tqmp.03.2.p043 [DOI:10.20982/tqmp.03.2.p043]
30. Wong, C. F., Silva, K., Kecojevic, A., Schrager, S. M., Bloom, J. J., Iverson, E., et al. (2013). Coping and emotion regulation profiles as predictors of nonmedical prescription drug and illicit drug use among high-risk young adults. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 132(1-2), 165–71. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.01.024 [DOI:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.01.024]
31. Zargar, Y., Najarian, B., & Naami, A. (2008). The relationship between personality traits (sensation seeking, assertiveness, psychological hardiness), the religious attitude and marital satisfaction with readiness for drug abuse. Journal of Education and Psychology Chamran University, 1(3), 99-120.
32. Zeinali, A. (2013). [Epidemiology of addiction susceptibility in the students of West Azerbaijan Islamic Azad Universities (Persian)]. Life Science Journal, 10(5), 172-7.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
Write the security code in the box

Send email to the article author


Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb