Volume 2, Number 2 (Spring 2014-- 2014)                   PCP 2014, 2(2): 135-139 | Back to browse issues page


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Pourshahbaz A, Nonahal S, Dolatshahi B, Omidian M. The Role of the Media, Perfectionism, and Difficulties in Emotion Regulation in Prediction of Muscle Dysmorphia Symptoms. PCP. 2014; 2 (2) :135-139
URL: http://jpcp.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-166-en.html

1- Assistant Professor Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences
3- Department of General Psychology, International University of Imam Khomeini
Abstract:   (1339 Views)

Objective: The purpose of this research was to investigate the role of the media, perfectionism, and difficulties in emotion regulation in prediction of muscle dysmorphia symptoms. 

Methods: In this research, 240 male body-builders were selected from five gyms in Gorgan (north of Iran). They were required to answer Muscle Dysmorphia Disorder Inventory (MDDI), Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS), The Sociocultural Attitudes Toward Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3), and Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS). The collected data were analyzed by Pearson correlation and multiple regression. 
Results: All variables were correlated with muscle dysmorphia symptom (P<0.01). Multiple regression analysis showed that all three variables, the media, perfectionism, and difficulties in emotional regulation can significantly predict muscle dysmorphia symptom (P<0.001). 
Conclusion: Importance and multi-aspect nature of social, cognitive, and emotional variables in formulation of muscle dysmorphia disorder were emphasized in this research.
Full-Text [PDF 483 kb]   (626 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychiatry
Received: 2013/06/1 | Accepted: 2013/08/25 | Published: 2014/08/1

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