Volume 2, Number 2 (Spring 2014-- 2014)                   PCP 2014, 2(2): 91-100 | Back to browse issues page


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Shariatzadeh M, Vaziri S, Mirhashemi M. Comparison of Early Maladaptive Schemas in Patients with Dysthymic Mood Disorder, Major Depression and Healthy Control Subjects. PCP. 2014; 2 (2) :91-100
URL: http://jpcp.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-145-en.html

1- PhD Candidate of Psychology School of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen Branch, Roudehen, Iran.
2- PhD Islamic Azad University
Abstract:   (911 Views)

Objective: Early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) or fundamental beliefs that underpin stable and trait-like psychological disorders are chronic and relapsing. In, active schemas in dysthymic patients with major depression have been compared with healthy individuals.The purpose of this study was to compare early maladaptive schemas (Young, 2003, 1990) in dysthymic patients with major depression and healthy subjects. 

Methods: For this study, 46 patients with major depression and 20 non-hospitalized patients with dysthymic during the year who referred to medical centers and clinics in Kermanshah (a city in West of Iran) were selected through structured interviews and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), and 66 patients with mild problems who referred to the clinic were considered as control group. 15 early maladaptive schemas through Young Schema Questionnaire-Short Form (YSQ-SF) were measured. 
Results: Analysis of variance showed that maladaptive schemas was different in the three groups. Maladaptive schemas of emotional deprivation, social isolation, defectiveness/shame, failure in patients with dysthymic, maladaptive schemas of Self-sacrifice, unrelenting standards/hypercriticalness, and entitlement/grandiosity, were active in patients with major depression. Healthy people were not active in any schema incompatibility. Maladaptive schemas in patients with dysthymic were more than the other two groups. 
Conclusion: In depression group, all early maladaptive schemas except abandonment and dependence/incompetence schemas, indicated higher scores. The evidence shows that schemas of emotional deprivation, social isolation, failure, and defectiveness/shame are specific keys for dysthymic disorder and emotional inhibition, and unrelenting standards are the keys for major depressive disorder.
Full-Text [PDF 877 kb]   (602 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychiatry
Received: 2013/08/10 | Accepted: 2014/01/25 | Published: 2014/08/1

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