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Eftekari A, Bakhtiari M. Comparing the Effectiveness of Schema Therapy with Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) on Cognitive Avoidance in GAD patients. PCP. 2022; 10 (1)
URL: http://jpcp.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-587-en.html
1- Ph.D Candidate of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Ph.D of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , Maryam_bakhtiyari@sbmu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (458 Views)
Objective: This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of schema therapy with acceptance and commitment therapy with exposure techniques on cognitive avoidance in female patients with generalized anxiety disorder.
Methods: 10 women with generalized anxiety disorder were selected through purposeful sampling with Structured Clinical Interview for DSM Disorders (SCID-5). To determine the absence of Personality disorder Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI-III) (Millon and Groosman, 2005) was used. Schema therapy was conducted for 20 weekly sessions and ACT with exposure techniques for 12 weeks and follow-up 6 weeks. The Cognitive Avoidance Questionnaire (CAQ) (Sexton and Douglas, 2004) was used as pre-test and post-test, and to track the results. Analysis of variance with repeated measures was used to test the research hypotheses.
Results: The results showed that schema therapy is more effective than ACT in the subscales of thought suppression (F=12.80, p=0.037) and avoidance of threatening (F=25.61, p=0.015), but they have no significant statistical difference in other subscales and total score. Both treatments significantly reduced the total score of cognitive avoidance, but they did not have a statistically significant difference.
Conclusion: It is concluded that Schema therapy and ACT with exposure techniques are effective in reducing the severity of symptoms and improving cognitive avoidance in females with Generalized Anxiety Disorder.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Cognitive behavioral
Received: 2018/07/14 | Accepted: 2021/12/4 | Published: 2022/01/1

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