Volume 2, Issue 2 (Spring 2014-- 2014)                   PCP 2014, 2(2): 127-134 | Back to browse issues page

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Nouri M, Dolatshahi B, Dadkhah A, Falahatdoost M. The Role of Personality Factors and Sexual Self-schema in Body Image Dissatisfaction. PCP 2014; 2 (2) :127-134
URL: http://jpcp.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-150-en.html
1- University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences
2- University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Science, Tehran, Iran. , dolatshahee@yahoo.com
3- Professor of University of social welfare and rehabilitation Science
Abstract:   (3343 Views)

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of five major personality factors and sexual self-schema in body image dissatisfaction. 

Methods: In this study, a correlational design was used and 270 individuals (Male: 135, Female: 135) with age of 17 to 40, citizens of Tehran, who were selected by the available random sampling were included. They completed Neo-PI questionnaire, Fisher body image scale (Fisher, 1970), and Sexual Self-schema Scale (Cyranowski & Andersen, 1998). 

Results: The results show a meaningful and positive relationship between neuroticism and body image dissatisfaction there is also a meaningful and negative relationship between conscientiousness, openness to experience, extroversion, agreeableness and body image dissatisfaction. General sexual Self-schema, the personality factors of neuroticism and agreeableness can predict 26.9 percent of body image dissatisfaction variance. 
Conclusion: Low scores in positive personality characteristics such as conscientiousness, openness to experience, extroversion and agreeableness and high scores in the neuroticism with poor sexual Self-schema make the individuals vulnerable to negative messages about their body sizes and shapes that finally results in their body image dissatisfaction.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Cognitive behavioral
Received: 2014/01/16 | Accepted: 2014/06/28 | Published: 2014/08/1

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