Volume 7, Issue 1 (Winter 2019)                   PCP 2019, 7(1): 63-70 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ghavidel Heydari M, Shirazi M, Sanagouyemoharer G R. Evaluating the Efficacy of Positive Psychotherapy on Life Expectancy in Students With Hemophilia: A Randomized Controlled Trial. PCP 2019; 7 (1) :63-70
URL: http://jpcp.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-581-en.html
1- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Zahedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zahedan, Iran.
2- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran. , mahmoud.shirazi96@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2934 Views)
Objective: Hemophilia is a genetic bleeding disorder results from a deficient in synthesis of a protein needed for blood clotting. The number of people with hemophilia in the United States is about 20,000. Iran having the ninth largest Hemophilia population in the world. Hemophilia lead to many psychological and physiological complications. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of positive psychotherapy on the Life expectancy as one of psychological aspects in hemophilia students. 
Methods: The present study is a quasi-experimental interventional study along with experimental and control groups. The subjects were evaluated in the pre-test, post-test and two-month follow-up. Study population including all senior elementary and junior high school students with hemophilia who had medical records in Zahedan Hemophilia Society. After screening, 60 students were selected and randomly assigned into two 30-member groups of experimental and control. The research tool was Snyder Children’s Hope Scale questionnaire (1991). Positive psychotherapy workshop was held in 8 sessions (Two 120 minutes sessions weekly) and follow-up test was done two months after the end of the last training session. The obtained information was analyzed through repeated measurement variance. 
Results: The results show significant effectiveness of positive psychotherapy on increasing Life expectancy in patients with hemophilia and indicated the durability of this therapy in the follow-up stage. In this research we highlighted the need for training and using positive psychotherapy as a new, safe and effective psychological therapy for student suffering Hemophilia. 
Conclusion: We emphasize for the implication of this study result and method by clinicians and policy makers to manage psychological problems of students suffering from Hemophilia.
Full-Text [PDF 831 kb]   (1507 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (983 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Cognitive behavioral
Received: 2018/03/23 | Accepted: 2018/10/10 | Published: 2019/01/1

1. Cassis, F. Y., Querol, F., Forsyth, A., Iorio, A., & Board, H. I. A. (2012). Psychosocial aspects of haemophilia: A systematic review of methodologies and findings. Haemophilia, 18(3), e101-e14. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2516.2011.02683.x] [PMID] [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2516.2011.02683.x]
2. Chen, C. M., Huang, K. C., Chen, C. C., Huang, S. U., Huang, C. E., Chen, Y. Y., et al. (2015). The impact of joint range of motion limitations on health-related quality of life in patients with haemophilia A: A prospective study. Haemophilia, 21(3), e176-e84. [DOI:10.1111/hae.12644] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.1111/hae.12644]
3. Conoley, C. W., & Conoley, J. C. (2009). Positive psychology and family therapy: Creative techniques and practical tools for guiding change and enhancing growth. Hoboken: Wiley. [PMID] [PMCID] [PMID] [PMCID]
4. Dehghan, A., & Memarian, R. (2013). Abundance of stress, anxiety and depression in Multiple Sclerosis patients. Alborz University Medical Journal, 2(2), 82-8. [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.aums.2.2.82] [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.aums.2.2.82]
5. DeKoven, M., Karkare, S., Kelley, L., Cooper, D., Pham, H., Powers, J., et al. (2014). Understanding the experience of caring for children with haemophilia: Cross‐sectional study of caregivers in the United States. Haemophilia, 20(4), 541-9. [DOI:10.1111/hae.12379] [PMID] [DOI:10.1111/hae.12379]
6. Dorgalaleh, A., Dadashizadeh, G., & Bamedi, T. (2016). Hemophilia in Iran. Hematology, 21(5), 300-10. [DOI:10.1080/10245332.2015.1125080] [PMID] [DOI:10.1080/10245332.2015.1125080]
7. Falakaflaki, S., & Malekitabar, M. (2016). Group Positive Psychotherapy Effect on Increasing the Happiness of Mothers of Children with Cochlear Implant. Practice in Clinical Psychology, 4(3), 173-82. [DOI:10.15412/J.JPCP.06040305] [DOI:10.15412/J.JPCP.06040305]
8. Ghanizadeh, A., & Balich Jahromi, P. (2009). Depression, anxiety and suicidal behaviour in children and adolescents with Haemophilia. Haemophilia, 15(2), 528-32. [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2516.2008.01971.x] [PMID] [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2516.2008.01971.x]
9. Ghavidel Heydari, M., Shirazi, M., & Sanagouyemoharer, G. R. (2018). The effect of positive psychotherapy in test anxiety among Zahedan students with hemophilia. Research in Psychotherapy: Psychopathology, Process and Outcome, 21(1), 55-61.
10. Griggs, S. (2017). Hope and mental health in young adult college students: an integrative review. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 55(2), 28-35. [DOI:10.3928/02793695-20170210-04] [DOI:10.3928/02793695-20170210-04]
11. Horney, D. J., Smith, H. E., McGurk, M., Weinman, J., Herold, J., Altman, K., et al. (2011). Associations between quality of life, coping styles, optimism, and anxiety and depression in pretreatment patients with head and neck cancer. Head & Neck, 33(1), 65-71. [DOI:10.1002/hed.21407] [PMID] [DOI:10.1002/hed.21407]
12. Hosseini, F., Jolayi, H., Valizadeh, L., Tabaghchy Ahary, A., Hashemi, M., & Varmazyar, Z. (2014). The knowledge of hemophilia affected adolescents on the prevention of hemophilia complications. Scientific Journal of Iranian Blood Transfusion Organization, 10(4), 372-86.
13. Hutz, C. S., Midgett, A., Pacico, J. C., Bastianello, M. R., & Zanon, C. (2014). The relationship of hope, optimism, self-esteem, subjective well-being, and personality in Brazilians and Americans. Psychology, 5(6), 514-22. [DOI:10.4236/psych.2014.56061] [DOI:10.4236/psych.2014.56061]
14. Iannazzo, S., Cortesi, P. A., Crea, R., Steinitz, K., Mantovani, L. G., & Gringeri, A. (2017). Cost-effectiveness analysis of pharmacokinetic-driven prophylaxis vs. standard prophylaxis in patients with severe haemophilia A. Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis, 28(6), 425-30. [DOI:10.1097/MBC.0000000000000610] [PMID] [DOI:10.1097/MBC.0000000000000610]
15. Jafari, S., Mohtashami, J., Alaee Karahroudi, F., Mansouri, S., & Rassouli, M. (2016). [Perceived social support and its correlated factors in adolescents with chronic disease (Persian)]. Hayat, 22(1), 65-78.
16. Ji, J. L., Holmes, E. A., & Blackwell, S. E. (2017). Seeing light at the end of the tunnel: Positive prospective mental imagery and optimism in depression. Psychiatry Research, 247, 155-62. [DOI:10.1016/j.psychres.2016.11.025] [PMID] [DOI:10.1016/j.psychres.2016.11.025]
17. Johnson, J., & Wood, A. M. (2017). Integrating positive and clinical psychology: Viewing human functioning as continua from positive to negative can benefit clinical assessment, interventions and understandings of resilience. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 41(3), 335-49. [DOI:10.1007/s10608-015-9728-y] [DOI:10.1007/s10608-015-9728-y]
18. Karimi, M., & Haghpanah, S. (2015). The effects of economic sanctions on disease specific clinical outcomes of patients with thalassemia and hemophilia in Iran. Health Policy, 119(2), 239-43. [DOI:10.1016/j.healthpol.2014.12.011] [PMID] [DOI:10.1016/j.healthpol.2014.12.011]
19. Kermani, Z., Khodapanahi, M. K., & Mahmoud, H. (2011). [Psychometric properties of Snyder's hope scale (Persian)]. Applied Psychology, 5(3), 7-23.
20. Khodabakhsh, R., Khosravi, Z., & Zarrinpour, N. (2015). [Effect of positive psychotherapy in depression symptoms and character strengths in cancer affected patients (Persian)]. Positive Psychology Research, 1(1), 35-49.
21. Klein, R. H., & Nimorwicz, P. (1982). Psychosocial aspects of hemophilia in families: 1. Assessment strategies and instruments. Clinical Psychology Review, 2(2), 153-69. [DOI:10.1016/0272-7358(82)90009-5] [DOI:10.1016/0272-7358(82)90009-5]
22. Layous, K., Chancellor, J., Lyubomirsky, S., Wang, L., & Doraiswamy, P. M. (2011). Delivering happiness: Translating positive psychology intervention research for treating major and minor depressive disorders. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 17(8), 675-83. [DOI:10.1089/acm.2011.0139] [PMID] [DOI:10.1089/acm.2011.0139]
23. Leontopoulou, S. (2015). A positive psychology intervention with emerging adults. The European Journal of Counselling Psychology, 3(2), 113-36. [DOI:10.5964/ejcop.v3i2.33] [DOI:10.5964/ejcop.v3i2.33]
24. Meyer, P. S., Johnson, D. P., Parks, A., Iwanski, C., & Penn, D. L. (2012). Positive living: A pilot study of group positive psychotherapy for people with schizophrenia. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 7(3), 239-48. [DOI:10.1080/17439760.2012.677467] [DOI:10.1080/17439760.2012.677467]
25. Poon, J. L., Doctor, J. N., & Nichol, M. B. (2014). Longitudinal changes in health-related quality of life for chronic diseases: an example in hemophilia A. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 29(3), 760-6. [DOI:10.1007/s11606-014-2893-y] [PMID] [DOI:10.1007/s11606-014-2893-y]
26. Poormansouri, S., Ahmadi, M., Shriati, A., & Keikhaei, B. (2016). [Quality of life, depression, anxiety and stress in over-18-year-old patients with beta-Thalassaemia major (Persian)]. Scientific Journal of Iran Blood Transfus Organ, 13(1), 72-82
27. Rezende, S. M., Rodrigues, S. H. L., Brito, K. N. P., da Silva, D. L. Q., Santo, M. L., de Jesus Simões, B., et al. (2017). Evaluation of a web-based registry of inherited bleeding disorders: A descriptive study of the Brazilian experience with HEMOVIDAweb coagulopatias. Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases, 12, 27. [DOI:10.1186/s13023-016-0560-6] [PMID] [DOI:10.1186/s13023-016-0560-6]
28. Seligman, M. E., & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2014). Positive psychology: An introduction. In M. Csikszentmihalyi (Ed), Flow and the Foundations of Positive Psychology (pp. 279-98). Berlin: Springer. [DOI:10.1007/978-94-017-9088-8_18] [DOI:10.1007/978-94-017-9088-8_18]
29. Sezgin, F., & Erdogan, O. (2015). Academic Optimism, Hope and Zest for Work as Predictors of Teacher Self-Efficacy and Perceived Success. Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, 15(1), 7-19. [DOI:10.12738/estp.2015.1.2338] [DOI:10.12738/estp.2015.1.2338]
30. Shorey, H. S., Snyder, C. R., Yang, X., & Lewin, M. R. (2003). The role of hope as a mediator in recollected parenting, adult attachment, and mental health. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 22(6), 685-715.[DOI:10.1521/jscp.22.6.685.22938] [DOI:10.1521/jscp.22.6.685.22938]
31. Sidonio, R., Holot, N., & Cooper, D. L. (2017). Evaluating the psychosocial impact of hemophilia B: The bridging hemophilia B experiences, results and opportunities into solutions (B‐HERO‐S) study. European Journal of Haematology, 98(S86), 3-4. [DOI:10.1111/ejh.12853] [PMID] [DOI:10.1111/ejh.12853]
32. Snyder, C. R. (2000). The past and possible futures of hope. Journal of Social Clinical Psychology Review, 19(1), 11-28. [DOI:10.1521/jscp.2000.19.1.11]
33. Snyder, C. R., & Lopez, S. J. (2009). Oxford handbook of positive psychology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
34. Snyder, C. R., Harris, C., Anderson, J. R., Holleran, S. A., Irving, L. M., Sigmon, S. T., et al. (1991). The will and the ways: Development and validation of an individual-differences measure of hope. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60(4), 570-85. [PMID] [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.60.4.570] [PMID]
35. Snyder, C. R., Lopez, S. J., & Pedrotti, J. T. (2010). Positive psychology: The scientific and practical explorations of human strengths. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
36. Sondik, E., Madans, J., & Gentleman, J. (2010). Vital and health statistics: Summary health statistics for US adults: National health interview survey, 2009. Hyattsville, Maryland: National Center for Health Statistics. [PMID] [PMID]
37. Stewart, M. E., Watson, R., Clark, A., Ebmeier, K. P., & Deary, I. J. (2010). A hierarchy of happiness? Mokken scaling analysis of the Oxford happiness inventory. Personality and Individual Differences, 48(7), 845-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2010.02.011] [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2010.02.011]
38. Terni, P. (2015). Solution-focus: Bringing positive psychology into the conversation. International Journal of Solution-Focused Practices, 3(1), 8-16. [DOI:10.14335/ijsfp.v3i1.25] [DOI:10.14335/ijsfp.v3i1.25]
39. Thorn, B. E. (2017). Cognitive therapy for chronic pain: A step-by-step guide. New York: Guilford Press.
40. Torres-Ortu-o, A., Cid-Sabatel, R., Barbero, J., & García-Dasí, M. (2017). Life experience of the adult and ageing patient with haemophilia. Practical aspects for psychological support. Vox Sanguinis, 112(4), 301-9. [DOI:10.1111/vox.12501] [PMID] [DOI:10.1111/vox.12501]
41. Weinberg, M., Besser, A., Zeigler-Hill, V., & Neria, Y. (2016). Bidirectional associations between hope, optimism and social support, and trauma-related symptoms among survivors of terrorism and their spouses. Journal of Research in Personality, 62, 29-38. [DOI:10.1016/j.jrp.2016.03.002] [DOI:10.1016/j.jrp.2016.03.002]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb