Volume 1, Issue 1 (Winter 2013 -- 2013)                   PCP 2013, 1(1): 3-7 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences,Tehran, Iran. , p.mohammadkhani@uswr.ac.ir
2- Calgary University, Canada
3- University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences
Abstract:   (5608 Views)

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of treatment on reducing the additional psychiatric symptoms in a sample of recovered depressed patients.

Methods: A sample of 354 remitted depressed subjects recruited through community advertisement and clinical practices of psychiatrists and psychotherapists were randomly assigned to mindfulness based cognitive therapy (MBCT), cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), and treatment as usual groups. The mean age of the patients was 39.1 years, and they had an average of 2.19 episodes of previous depressions. Most patients were either married (50.8%) or single (41.0%). A lot of them were unemployed (60.7%), but nearly a third completed high school (35.6%) and half of them at least some post-secondary education (51.1%). Patients were assessed through the structured clinical interview for DSM-IV disorders (SCID) to be ensured of their fully recovered from their most recent episode of depression. Then, they were randomly assigned to 3 groups and assessed repeatedly through self-report measures, including brief symptoms inventory, and Beck depression

Results: In this paper, the ancillary benefits of MBCT and CBT were explored. Results showed that in two active groups besides decrease in the rates of clinical depression, significant and lasting decreases in a range of other symptom scores of the brief symptom inventory occurred. These results suggest the benefits of the interventions in prevention programs for depression.

Conclusion: Both active treatments had significantly reduced relapse at 1–year follow up and affected additional symptoms compared to treatment as usual.

Full-Text [PDF 525 kb]   (2625 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2012/08/10 | Accepted: 2012/11/16 | Published: 2013/01/1

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