Volume 12, Issue 2 (Spring 2024)                   PCP 2024, 12(2): 189-200 | Back to browse issues page


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1- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, AllamehTabatabai University, Tehran, Iran. , hajar.seifi38@gmail.com
2- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, AllamehTabatabai University, Tehran, Iran.
3- Department of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, AllamehTabatabai University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (785 Views)
Objective: This research investigates the effectiveness of teaching cognitive behavioral techniques on changing attachment styles and increasing mental health and optimism among medical students of Islamic Azad University, Mashhad Branch, Iran.
Methods: This quasi-experimental research adopted a pre-test and post-test with a control group. The statistical population included all medical students of Azad University from 2019 to 2020 in Mashhad City, Iran. A total of 13 medical students were selected by the purposeful sampling method. Then, using a random number table, they were placed in two experimental groups and a control group (n=15 in each group). Medical students in the cognitive behavioral therapy group received eleven 70-min sessions of cognitive behavioral therapy over five weeks (two sessions per week). The control group was considered on the waiting list. The attachment style questionnaire, 28-item general health questionnaire, and the life orientation test-revised were used for data collection. The data were analyzed using the independent t-test and the multivariate analysis of variance in the SPSS software, version 25. The significance level was considered to be <0.05. 
Results: There was a statistically significant difference in the mean scores of attachment styles, mental health, and optimism between the two groups immediately after the intervention (P<0.05). 
Conclusion: Enhanced secure attachment style, the level of mental health, and optimism increased significantly in the cognitive behavioral therapy group after the intervention. Therefore, it is necessary to take particular measures to regularly hold sessions of cognitive behavioral therapy for medical students with insecure attachment. 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Rehabilitation
Received: 2023/09/27 | Accepted: 2023/12/18 | Published: 2024/04/25

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