Volume 6, Issue 3 (Issue in Progress 2018)                   PCP 2018, 6(3): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Associate Proffessor Department of Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences & Psychology, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran.
2- Assistant Professor, Departmen of Mental Health, School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health (Tehran Institute of Psychiatry) Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3- MSc. Department of Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences & Psychology, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (123 Views)
Objective: This study aimed to examine the relationships among positive affect, negative affect, rumination and depression, and to assess the mediating role of rumination in the relationship between positive affect, negative affect and depression.
 
Methods:  This study had a cross-sectional design involving 249 students selected by convenience sampling method. All participants completed positive and negative affect schedule, the ruminative response scale and Beck depression inventory. All statistics were done by R 3.4.2 software.
 
Results: Positive affect had a significant negative relationship with rumination and depression. Also, negative affect had a significant positive relationship with rumination and depression. In addition, results showed that rumination partially mediated the relationship of positive affect and negative affect with depression.
 
Conclusion: Considering the obtained results, positive affect and negative affect are directly and indirectly related to depression through mediation of rumination and can predict it. Therefore, by providing therapeutic interventions based on increasing positive affect and reducing negative affect, we can decrease rumination and hereby prevent or control depression.
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Cognitive behavioral
Received: 2018/02/26 | Accepted: 2018/05/21 | Published: 2018/07/1