Volume 6, Issue 1 (Winter 2018- 2018)                   PCP 2018, 6(1): 3-8 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

1- Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (1088 Views)
Objective: The aim of the study was to compare emotion regulation among the authoritative, authoritarian and permissive parenting styles of mothers with preschool children. 
Methods: The statistic community of this study was all the mothers in Tehran who had preschool children aged between 4 and 6 years. By convenient sampling, 8 kindergartens were selected, and the questionnaires were completed by mothers. The sample consisted of 270 mothers with preschool children. The participants completed the questionnaires, and the data were analyzed with MANOVA.
Results: Significant difference between the groups in terms of emotion regulation was observed. The authoritative mothers had the highest score in emotion regulation.
Conclusion: Our results indicated that emotion regulation played the main role in different parenting styles. 
Keywords: Parenting, Emotions, Mothers
Full-Text [PDF 630 kb]   (459 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (106 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Cognitive behavioral
Received: 2017/07/30 | Accepted: 2017/11/1 | Published: 2018/01/1

1. Arnold, E. H., & O'Leary, S. G. (1995). The effect of child negative affect on maternal discipline behavior. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 23(5), 585–95. doi: 10.1007/bf01447663 [DOI:10.1007/BF01447663]
2. Baumrind, D. (1991). The influence of parenting style on adolescent competence and substance use. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 11(1), 56–95. doi: 10.1177/0272431691111004 [DOI:10.1177/0272431691111004]
3. Cassidy, J. (2006). Intervention with parents and infants: An emotion regulation approach. In Paper presented as part of the NIMH workshop, Developmental and Translational Models of Emotion Regulation and Dysregulation: Links to Childhood Affective Disorders. Rockville, Maryland: Bethesda.
4. Dix, T. (1991). The affective organization of parenting: Adaptive and maladaptative processes. Psychological Bulletin, 110(1), 3–25. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.110.1.3 [DOI:10.1037/0033-2909.110.1.3]
5. Eisenberg, N., Cumberland, A., & Spinrad, T. L. (1998). Parental socialization of emotion. Psychological Inquiry, 9(4), 241–73. doi: 10.1207/s15327965pli0904_1 [DOI:10.1207/s15327965pli0904_1]
6. Fabes, R. A., Leonard, S. A., Kupanoff, K., & Martin, C. L. (2001). Parental coping with children's negative emo-tions: Relations with children's emotional and social responding. Child development, 72(3), 907-20. doi: 10.1111/1467-8624.00323 [DOI:10.1111/1467-8624.00323]
7. Fabes, R. A., Poulin, R. E., Eisenberg, N., & Madden-Derdich, D. A. (2002). The Coping with Children's Negative Emotions Scale (CCNES): Psychometric properties and relations with children's emotional competence. Marriage & Family Review, 34(3-4), 285-310. doi: 10.1300/J002v34n03_05 [DOI:10.1300/J002v34n03_05]
8. Gross J. J. (2002). Emotion regulation: Affective, cognitive, and social consequences. Psychophysiology, 39(3), 281–91. doi: 10.1017/s0048577201393198 [DOI:10.1017/S0048577201393198]
9. Gross, J. J. (1998). The emerging field of emotion regulation: An integrative review. Review of General Psychology, 2(3), 271–99. doi: 10.1037/1089-2680.2.3.271 [DOI:10.1037/1089-2680.2.3.271]
10. Gross, J. J., & John, O. P. (2003). Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes: Implications for af-fect, relationships, and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85(2), 348–62. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.85.2.348 [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.85.2.348]
11. Gudmundson, J. A., & Leerkes, E. M. (2012). Links between mothers' coping styles, toddler reactivity, and sen-sitivity to toddler's negative emotions. Infant Behavior and Development, 35(1), 158-66. doi: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2011.07.004 [DOI:10.1016/j.infbeh.2011.07.004]
12. Hareli, S., & Rafaeli, A. (2008). Emotion cycles: On the social influence of emotion in organizations. Research in Organizational Behavior, 28, 35–59. doi: 10.1016/j.riob.2008.04.007 [DOI:10.1016/j.riob.2008.04.007]
13. Howes, P. W., Cicchetti, D., Toth, S. L., & Rogosch, F. A. (2000). Affective, organizational, and relational char-acteristics of maltreating families: A system's perspective. Journal of Family Psychology, 14(1), 95-110. doi: 10.1037//0893-3200.14.1.95 [DOI:10.1037//0893-3200.14.1.95]
14. Izard, C. E. (1991). The psychology of emotions. Berlin: Springer Science & Business Media. [DOI:10.1007/978-1-4899-0615-1]
15. Jones, T. L., & Prinz, R. J. (2005). Potential roles of parental self-efficacy in parent and child adjustment: A re-view. Clinical Psychology Review, 25(3), 341–63. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2004.12.004 [DOI:10.1016/j.cpr.2004.12.004]
16. Kendziora, K. T., & O'Leary, S. G. (1993). Dysfunctional parenting as a focus for prevention and treatment of child behavior problems. Advances in Clinical Child Psychology, 15, 175-206.
17. Kiff, C. J., Lengua, L. J., & Zalewski, M. (2011). Nature and nurturing: Parenting in the context of child temper-ament. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 14(3), 251–301. doi: 10.1007/s10567-011-0093-4 [DOI:10.1007/s10567-011-0093-4]
18. Lorber, M. F., & O'leary, S. G. (2005). Mediated paths to overreactive discipline: Mothers' experienced emotion, appraisals, and physiological responses. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 73(5), 972-81. doi: 10.1037/0022-006x.73.5.972 [DOI:10.1037/0022-006X.73.5.972]
19. Lorber, M. F., & Smith Slep, A. M. (2005). Mothers' emotion dynamics and their relations with harsh and lax discipline: Microsocial time series analyses. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 34(3), 559-68. doi: 10.1207/s15374424jccp3403_11 [DOI:10.1207/s15374424jccp3403_11]
20. Martin, S. E., Clements, M. L., & Crnic, K. A. (2002). Maternal emotions during mother-toddler interaction: Par-enting in affective context. Parenting, 2(2), 105–26. doi: 10.1207/s15327922par0202_02 [DOI:10.1207/S15327922PAR0202_02]
21. Marziali, E., Damianakis, T., & Trocmé, N. (2003). Nature and consequences of personality problems in mal-treating caregivers. Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Social Services, 84(4), 530–8. doi: 10.1606/1044-3894.141 [DOI:10.1606/1044-3894.141]
22. Roberts, W. L., & Strayer, J. (1987). Parents' responses to the emotional distress of their children: Relations with children's competence. Developmental Psychology, 23(3), 415-22. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.23.3.415 [DOI:10.1037/0012-1649.23.3.415]
23. Shipman, K. L., & Zeman, J. (2001). Socialization of children's emotion regulation in mother–child dyads: A de-velopmental psychopathology perspective. Development and Psychopathology, 13(2), 317-36. doi: 10.1017/s0954579401002073 [DOI:10.1017/S0954579401002073]