دوره 6، شماره 3 - ( Issue in Progress 1397 )                   جلد 6 شماره 3 صفحات 167-174 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها

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Kakavand R, Kakavand A, Hakami M. A Comparative Study of Early Maladaptive Schemas and Impulsivity Between Opioid Abusers and Non-Abusers. PCP. 2018; 6 (3) :167-174
URL: http://jpcp.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-487-fa.html
کاکاوند رناک، کاکاوند علیرضا، حکمی محمد. مقایسه طرحواره ناسازگار اولیه و تکانشگری در افراد وابسته به مواد افیونی و افراد بهنجار. Practice in Clinical Psychology. 1397; 6 (3) :167-174

URL: http://jpcp.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-487-fa.html


1- کارشناسی ارشد
2- دکتری تخصصی
3- فوق دکتری
چکیده:   (144 مشاهده)

Objective: The present study aimed to examine and compare early maladaptive schemas and impulsivity between opioid abusers and non-abusers.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, early maladaptive schemas and impulsivity were compared between 60 individuals dependent on opioids who were sampled from five drug rehabilitation centers in Qazvin and 60 workers of the Qazvin Glass Factory who were not dependent on opioids. The Young Schema Questionnaire and the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale were used to gather data; data were analyzed using one-way multivariate analysis of variance. 
Results: The results indicated higher levels of early maladaptive schemas (overvigilance, F=48.81, P<0.01; other-directedness, F=46.99, P<0.01; disconnection, F=44.09, P<0.01; impaired limits, F=25.62, P<0.01; and impaired autonomy, F=45.75, P<0.01) and impulsivity (F=58.41, P<0.01) in opioid abusers than in non-abusers. 
Conclusion: The presence of early maladaptive schemas may be an underlying factor in drug abuse tendency. On the other hand, because the prevalence of impulsivity among individuals dependent on opioids increases the likelihood of risk behaviors, including drug abuse, it seems necessary to design interventions aimed at improving impulsivity in such individuals, so that the strengthening of early maladaptive schemas could be prevented, and patients could be helped to change their schemas.

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نوع مطالعه: كاربردي | موضوع مقاله: سوء مصرف و وابستگي به مواد
دریافت: ۱۳۹۶/۳/۲۳ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۶/۱۲/۹ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۷/۴/۱۰

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