Volume 5, Number 2 (Spring 2017-- 2017)                   PCP 2017, 5(2): 81-90 | Back to browse issues page




DOI: 10.18869/acadpub.jpcp.5.2.81

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Mojallal M, Hosseinkhanzadeh A A, Taher M, Yahyazadeh A. Parent-Child Relationship and Smoking Among College Students: Role of Parents in Females’ and Males’ Smoking Behavior. PCP. 2017; 5 (2) :81-90
URL: http://jpcp.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-388-en.html

1- MSc. Department of Psychology, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran.
2- PhD Department of Psychology, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran.
3- PhD in Psychology Department of Psychology, Faculty of Human Sciences, Shahrood Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrood, Iran.
4- MSc. Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran.
Abstract:   (836 Views)

Objective: Youth smoking has long been a major concern at individual, familial, and national levels. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the role of parent-child relationship in the smoking behavior and smoking intensity among college students. We also aimed to investigate gender-specific variations in the association between mother-child and father-child relationships and smoking behavior and its intensity among female and male college students.
Methods: The sample consisted of college students (N=242: 142 smokers, 99 nonsmokers) who were selected using snowball sampling method among the students of Guilan University. Participants completed the parent-child relationship survey and Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence. Binary and multinomial logistic regressions were used for analyzing.
Results: Results showed that mother-child relationship, but not father-child relationship, was the significant predictor of smoking status. Also, mother-child relationship could predict low to moderate levels of dependence on nicotine. Finally, among male students, mother-child relationship was the significant predictor of smoking. Neither mother-child nor father-child relationships were the significant predictors of smoking status among female students.
Conclusion: Further research is needed to clear our understanding of gender-specific correlates of smoking among youth.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Substance abuse and dependence
Received: 2016/12/26 | Accepted: 2017/03/1 | Published: 2017/04/1

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